Reference List for Fulbright Application

Compiled by Mindy McAdams

This list includes literature about online journalism, the culture of journalism and socialization of journalists, and journalism in Malaysia. I compiled it in summer 2003 when I was applying for a Fulbright Scholar award.

Aliran Online. (n.d.). About Aliran. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from

Allan, S. (1999). News culture. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Bagdikian, B.H. (2000). The media monopoly (6th ed.). Boston: Beacon Press.

Bernt, J. P., Fee, F. E., Gifford, J., & Stempel, G.H. (2000). How well can editors predict reader interest in news? Newspaper Research Journal, 21(2), 2-10.

Committee to Protect Journalists (2002). Attacks on the press in 2002 -- Malaysia. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from attacks02/asia02/ malay.html

Committee to Protect Journalists (1998, December). Country report: Malaysia. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from attacks98/1998/Asia/ Malaysia.html

Deuze, M. (1998). The WebCommunicators: Issues in research into online journalism and journalists. First Monday, 3(12). Retrieved August 1, 2003, from issues/issue3_12/deuze/index.html

Deuze, M. (1999). Journalism and the Web. Gazette, 61(5), 373-390.

Deuze, M. (2001a). Understanding the impact of the Internet: On new media professionalism, mindsets and buzzwords. EJournalist, 1(1). Retrieved August 1, 2003, from ejournalist/deuze.pdf

Deuze, M. (2001b). Online journalism: Modelling the first generation of news media on the World Wide Web. First Monday, 6(10). Retrieved August 1, 2003, from issues/issue6_10/deuze/index.html

Deuze, M. (2002). Journalists in the Netherlands: An analysis of the people, the issues and the (inter-)national environment. Amsterdam: Aksant.

Dibean, W., & Garrison, B. (2001). How six online newspapers use Web technologies [Electronic version]. Newspaper Research Journal, 22(2), 79ff.

Downes, E. J., & McMillan, S. J. (2000). Defining interactivity. New Media & Society, 2(2), 157-179.

Ferguson, D. A., & Perse, E. M. (2000). The World Wide Web as a functional alternative to television. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 44(2), 155-174.

First International Islamic Mass Media Conference (1980). Code of ethics: Islamic mass media charter. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from International Journalists' Network Web site: FE_Article/codeethics.asp? UILang=1&CId=38189&CIdLang=1

Gan, S. (2002). Virtual democracy in Malaysia. Nieman Reports, 56(2), 65-67.

Garrison, B. (2000a). Diffusion of a new technology: On-line research in newspaper newsrooms. Convergence, 6(1), 84-105.

Garrison, B. (2000b). Journalists' perceptions of online information-gathering problems. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 77(3), 500-514.

Garrison, B. (2001a). Computer-assisted reporting near complete adoption. Newspaper Research Journal, 22(1), 65-79.

Garrison, B. (2001b). Newspaper roles shape World Wide Web searches. Newspaper Research Journal, 22(4), 70-86.

Hall, J. (2001). Online journalism: A critical primer. London: Pluto Press.

Kirsner, S. (1997, July/August). Web of confusion. American Journalism Review, 19(6), 34-39. Available:

Kovach, B., & Rosenstiel, T. (2001). The elements of journalism. New York: Crown.

Len-Rios, M., & Bentley, C. H. (2001, August). Use of online news sites: Development of habit and automatic procedural processing. Paper presented at the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, Washington, D.C.

Lowrey, W. (1999). From map to machine: Conceptualizing and designing news on the Internet. Newspaper Research Journal, 20(4), 14-27.

Maier, S. R. (2000). Digital diffusion in newsrooms: The uneven advance of computer-assisted reporting. Newspaper Research Journal, 21(2), 95-110. (n.d.). About us. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from (new version at info/about.php?t=malaysiakini)

Neumann, A. L. (1998, December). Freedom takes hold: ASEAN journalism in transition. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from Committee to Protect Journalists Web site: attacks98/1998/Asia/ AsiaSR.html

Neumann, A. L. (2000, November). Interview with Steven Gan of Malaysia. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from Committee to Protect Journalists Web site: awards00/gan_interview.html

Newhagen, J. E., & Rafaeli, S. (1996). Why communication researchers should study the Internet: A dialogue. Journal of Communication, 46(1), 4-13.

NUA Internet surveys. How many online. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from surveys/how_many_online/index.html

Papacharissi, Z., & Rubin A. M. (2000). Predictors of Internet use. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 44(2), 175-196.

Peng, F. Y., Tham, N. I., & Xiaoming, H. (1999). Trends in online newspapers: A look at the U.S. Web. Newspaper Research Journal, 20(2), 52-64.

Pew Internet and American Life Project. (2002, September 5). One year later: September 11 and the Internet. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from pdfs/PIP_9-11_Report.pdf

Pew Research Center. (2000, June 11). Internet sapping broadcast news audience. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from display.php3? ReportID=36

Pew Research Center. (2002). Public's news habits little changed by September 11. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from display.php3? PageID=613

Raslan, K. (1996). Ceritalah: Malaysia in transition. Singapore: Times Books.

Reporters sans frontières / Reporters Without Borders (2003). Malaysia -- 2003 Annual report. Retrieved August 1, 2003, from article.php3?id_article=6473&Valider=OK

Rogers, E. M. (1995). Diffusion of innovations (4th ed.). New York: Free Press.

Rosen, J. (1999). What are journalists for? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Schudson, M. (1978). Discovering the news: A social history of American newspapers. New York: Basic Books.

Schudson, M. (1995). The power of news. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Schudson, M. (1996). The sociology of news production revisited. In J. Curran & M. Gurevitch (Eds.), Mass media and society (pp. 141-159). London: Arnold.

Schultz, T. (2000). Mass media and the concept of interactivity: An exploratory study of online forums and reader email. Media, Culture & Society, 22(2), 205-221.

Shoemaker, P. J. (1991). Gatekeeping. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Shoemaker, P. J., & Reese, S. D. (1996). Mediating the message: Theories of influences on mass media content. New York: Longman.

Singer, J. B. (1997a). Changes and consistencies: Newspaper journalists contemplate online future. Newspaper Research Journal, 18(1-2), 2-10.

Singer, J. B. (1997b). Still guarding the gate? The newspaper journalist's role in an on-line world. Convergence, 3(1), 72-89.

Singer, J. B. (1998). Online journalists: Foundations for research into their changing roles. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 4(1). Retrieved August 1, 2003, from (now at jcmc/vol4/issue1/ singer.html)

Singer, J. B. (2001). The metro wide Web: Changes in newspapers' gatekeeping role online. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 78(1), 65-80.

Singer, J. B., Tharp, M. P., & Haruta, A. (1999). Online staffers: Superstars or second-class citizens? Newspaper Research Journal, 20(3), 29-47.

Stempel, G. H., & Stewart, R. K. (2000). The Internet provides both opportunities and challenges for mass communication researchers. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 77(3), 541-548.

Stempel, G. H., Hargrove, T., & Bernt, J. P. (2000). Relation of growth of use of the Internet to changes in media use from 1995 to 1999. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 77(1), 71-79.

Sundar, S. S. (1999). Exploring receivers' criteria for perception of print and online news. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 76(2), 373-386.

Sundar, S. S. (2000). Multimedia effects on processing and perception of online news: A study of picture, audio and video downloads. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 77(3), 480-499.

Tewksbury, D., & Althaus, S. L. (2000). Differences in knowledge acquisition among readers of the paper and online versions of a national newspaper. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 77(3), 457-479.

Tewksbury, D., Weaver, A. J., & Maddex, B. D. (2001). Accidentally informed: Incidental news exposure on the World Wide Web. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 78(3), 533-554.

Vargo, K., Schierhorn, C., Wearden, S. T., Schierhorn, A. B., Endres, F. F., & Tabar, P. S. (2000). How readers respond to digital news stories in layers and links. Newspaper Research Journal, 21(2), 40-54.

World Press Freedom Committee (2003). Summit poses threat to Internet press freedom. Retrieved August 24, 2003, from page=Internet%20Press%20Freedom

Wu, H. D., & Bechtel, A. (2002). Web site use and news topic and type. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 79(1), 73-86.